Useful language for writing in English

5 Jun

Keep calm and type on

Recientemente he encontrado en el blog (podéis encontrarlo aquí, en Recursos > Blogs) Practise English (Tuesday, March 10, 2009) una entrada que me parece muy útil y la cual recomiendo encarecidamente que le echeis un vistazo. Se trata de un extenso listado de expressiones para utilizar a la hora de realizar todo tipo de writings (desde letters y reports hasta reviews, articles, etc.). Ahí va:

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FORMAL LETTERS

Letters objecting to someone’s plans

I am writing to express my concern /disappointment / alarm at hearing …

I was extremely alarmed/sorry/distressed to hear about your plans to …

As I think you know, …

May I point out that …

I feel I really must object to …

I am extremely concerned at the thought that …

It must be very clear that …

If these proposals go ahead, … will happen.

Another threat to … , if these proposals go ahead, would come from …

I dread to imagine what damage this will cause.

May I respectfully suggest that you …

I was wondering if you had considered this alternative?

Would it not be possible to … ?

Letters of complaint

I am writing to complain about …

I am writing to tell you how disappointed/annoyed I feel about …

I was amazed/distressed/horrified to find that …

As you must realise, …

I am sure you know that …

I am sure you can imagine …

I am sure you will appreciate that …

It goes without saying that …

At the very least, I look forward to receiving …

Unless you … , I am afraid that I will have to take this matter further.

Letters of recommendation

I am writing to you on behalf of …

I have known X for … years.

She / He has shown herself/himself to be extremely …

X would seem to fit the requirements of this job perfectly.

I have no hesitation in recommending X as a …

Letters to the editor

I am writing about the article on … , which appeared (in last night’s paper).

I am writing with reference to the article you published (in last month’s issue).

I have just read your article on … and I feel I must …

You raised some issues which I feel strongly about.

At the start of your article, you appear to claim that …

I am afraid I totally disagree.

I am completely in agreement.

I am sure readers will agree with me when I say that …

ARTICLES

Sequencing

At first / To start with/In the beginning, …

Then/Next/After that, …

The next thing that happened was …

The next thing I knew was …

Seconds/Minutes later,

Late on/Some time later,

It wasn’t until much later that …

After some time/After what seemed like years, …

Finally/In the end, …

At last, …

Simultaneous events

Meanwhile/In the meantime,

While all this was going on,

In the middle of all this, …

During all this time, …

Sudden or unexpected events

Suddenly/All of a sudden, …

All at once, …

Out of the blue, …

Without any warning, …

Just when I was least expecting it, …

The next thing I knew was …

Rapid events

As quick as a flash, …

In the wink of an eye, …

In a matter of seconds/minutes, …

In no time at all, …

Looking back

In retrospect, …

When I think back to what happened then, …

REPORTS

Introductory comments

I recently visited (the new Leisure Centre) and have prepared the following report for your consideration.

Further to my visit to … , I have prepared the following report.

The following report relates to my recent visit to …

General comments

On the whole, I found that …

Although … , I should point out that …

It is a fact that …

Concluding comments

All things considered, I believe that …

Taking all these points into consideration, I would recommend …

I recommend that we look into the possibility of …

Comparing places or facilities

One of the main differences between X and Y is that …

X is completely/entirely/totally different from Y in that …

Unlike X, Y is …

While/Whereas/Although X is … , Y is …

X is a little/slightly/somewhat/a great deal (bigger/more elegant than Y.

X is not quite/nearly as (comfortable/expensive/ convenient) as Y because …

X is virtually/exactly the same as Y when it comes to …

PROPOSALS

As requested, I am submitting the following proposal on …

I recommend that we …

I propose that we …

We should also …

I believe that …

We could …

It is a fact that , which means that …

If we were to , it would …

I suggest we… .We would then be able to …

I feel strongly that we should …

I trust you will give my proposal your full consideration.

REVIEWS

X has much to recommend it.

X is, at heart, a(n) love/spy/adventure story.

It is based on a book by …

It is set in the countryside/the future.

The film has a quality cast.

The film was directed by …

The film score is enchanting/evocative/scary.

The film captures the spirit of …

The hero/heroine/villain is …

I felt/thought it was …

I was impressed by …

What struck me most was …

What I liked most/didn’t like was …

The plot was gripping.

The characters were very convincing/very well drawn.

On reflection, I think it was …

It struck me as being …

What I didn’t understand was how …

In spite of these few criticisms, I think …

I would have no hesitation in recommending …

Expressing and supporting opinions

I believe/do not believe that … (because) …

Personally I feel that … Let me explain why.

In my opinion, … Just consider …

As I see it, … The reason is …

It seems to me that… This is because …

I would argue that for the following reasons.

I feel very strongly that …

I am convinced that …

I am of the opinion that …

I am very much in favour of/against …

I am completely opposed to …

The reasons why I believe that … are as follows.

Opening phrases

People (sometimes) claim that … but I feel that …

It is often said/argued that … However, it seems to me that …

It is a fact that …

Over the past few months/years, it seems that …

Recently, we have all become concerned that …

Nowadays, we are all realising that …

In the past, people used to …, but now …

These days, it seems that ….

Making statements

It is clear that …

On the whole, it appears/seems that …

We must take into account the fact that ….

It goes without saying that …

It is important to remember that …

Explaining/Expanding ideas and giving examples

… This means that …

… This is largely due to …

…For example/For instance, …

…In other words, …

Take, for example, the situation in …

Listing arguments

Firstly/In the first place / To begin with, …

Secondly/A second area to consider is …

Another point to remember is …

Finally, …

In conclusion, ..

Last but not least, …

 Evaluating ideas, Dismissing contrary arguments

I think it is true that …

I totally disagree/agree with the point that…

It is questionable whether …

I am sure/I doubt whether …

It is true that … On the other hand, …

While nobody can deny that … , I would like to point out that …

I agree that …However, …

Although it is true that , we must remember that …

It could be argued that … However, I would like to point out that …

Despite all the arguments, I still feel that …

Notwithstanding the claim that … , I would argue that…

It may be true that … , but all too often …

In no way can I agree that …

Surely it is completely unacceptable that …

Persuading

I would urge you to consider…

I am sure you will agree that…

Surely you must agree that…

I would urge you very strongly to …

When you hear the arguments, I am sure you will agree that …

Evaluating

I was extremely impressed by…

I was rather disappointed by…

While X has much to commend it, I feel that some aspects could be improved.

The problem could easily be solved if …

I would like to praise the …

Another area for complaint is …

My overall impression was that …

I am sure that visitors/readers/holidaymakers will thoroughly enjoy …

While some people will love … , others may feel less happy.

A major problem is that …

I was less happy with …

Making recommendations

I recommend that we …

I propose that we …

We should also …

I believe that we should …

We could …

If we were to… , we could …

I suggest we… We would then be able to …

Summarising

All in all, I think that …

To sum up, I believe that …

In conclusion, the facts suggest that …

Describing

Character/Personality:

He tends to be …

She can be …

He is inclined to be …

She appears/seems to be …

Hobbies and interests

He is crazy about … -ing.

She loves … -ing.

His greatest love is …

What she loves most in life is …

He spends all his time … -ing.

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Enlace original: Pratise English Blog: Useful language for FCE/CAE/CPE writing

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